Each stage of flying will develop you to be a better pilot. Endorsements are like a certification for each stage and proof that you are ready to step to the next level.
You will succeed in multiple endorsements before applying for a private pilot license.
Pass your flight instructor’s expectations, and the flight instructor will endorse you.
Stage 1: Pre-solo endorsement.
Pre-solo endorsement proves that you are ready to go for your first solo flight.
Once a flight instructor thinks you are ready for the first solo, you will get your pre-solo endorsement.
Stage 2: First solo endorsement.
This stage comes after Stage 1. After you practice countless takeoffs and landings, your flight instructor will release you for your first solo flight, depending on your performance.
Having a pre-solo endorsement doesn’t mean you can have solo flights.
Prove yourself in actual flight, and then you can get your first solo flight followed by your First sole endorsement.
Stage 3: Solo flight to another airport within 25 nautical miles.
After your first solo flight comes to stage 3, likely, you went to a different airport within 25 nautical miles, a couple of times accompanied by your flight instructor.
After a few flights, your flight instructor will endorse you for a solo flight to a different airport within 25 nautical miles.
Stage 4: Solo cross-country endorsements.
Now that you are used to flying to new destinations, your flight instructor will endorse you for long cross-country flights.
Endorsement for a long cross-country flight means now you can fly to airports within a 150 nautical miles radius.
This endorsement might come after having at least one flight within 150 nautical miles with your flight instructor.
If your flight instructor doesn’t trust you for a solo cross-country flight, they will not endorse solo cross-country.
Therefore, you have to work hard to prove yourself.