Instrument flight limitations:
Instrument flight refers to flying an aircraft solely by referencing the instruments without external visual connections. This type of flight is typically conducted under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR). Here are some common limitations and considerations for instrument flight:
Pilots must hold an instrument rating to operate an aircraft under IFR.
Pilots must meet specific currency requirements to conduct instrument flights. These requirements typically include recent experiences in instrument flight, such as a specified number of instrument approaches and holding procedures within a specific timeframe.
The aircraft used for instrument flight must be equipped with the necessary instruments and avionics required for navigation and communication under IFR.
This includes items such as a functioning attitude indicator, altimeter, airspeed indicator, navigation radios, and an autopilot, if applicable.
Instrument approach procedures:
Pilots conducting instrument flights must adhere to specific instrument approach procedures when transitioning from en-route navigation to landing.
Decision-making and risk management:
Instrument flight requires sound decision-making and effective risk management.
Pilots must be prepared to handle instrument malfunctions or failures during instrument flight.
They should be familiar with the backup systems and procedures to continue the flight or divert to an appropriate airport safely.